友善治理與都市更新創意操作

Keelung a city in full swing

原典創思規劃顧問有限公司2020年與基隆市政府合作舉辦都市再生論壇,推出一系列都市規劃與更新講座。透過邀請國際專家學者前來分享經驗與觀察回饋,講座成果得以成為基隆市公共政策的啟發與參考依據。

系列講座內容為公私部門專業者量身打造,並提供了都市發展政策多元的解方與回應。山海之城基隆近年來啟動不少具前瞻性的規劃與建設,本系列論壇論壇活動亦成為基隆都市發展路上的提示與思辯。

在來自法國、荷蘭、德國以及台灣的各國案例中,各場講者帶領參與者深入巴黎、阿姆斯特丹、漢堡、台北、基隆等城市的在地觀點,以三周一次的步調與各界規畫專業者互動,並引導其回饋基隆在地經驗。在講座選址上,以整體城市規劃走向為基礎,策略性地選擇基隆各處作為舉辦地點(包括:設計與建築者之家太平國小、基隆86設計公寓、七堵區堵南里民活動中心、星濱海港學校)。

首二場由法國籍都市規劃師Clément Tricot 與Morgane Le Guilloux帶來大巴黎都市新議程中城市策展與新業種的孵化成果,以及待開發基地的空間經營與永續生活。在第一場演講中,專業者齊聚探討巴黎公共政策與推動策略,包含「十五分鐘城市」與其提高都市服務步行與自行車可及性的政策目標。巴黎市近期重要的發展策略包括以人本與自行車角度出發,引入市民參與方法,進行七大地標廣場的再設計。若以更上層尺度出發,大巴黎計畫中循環都市主義與其建物廢棄物處理模式已成為2024巴黎奧運的穩固基礎。

第二場演講規劃師們帶來過渡性都市主義在法國各地的實際應用。各方營利/非營利團體與公部門從治理、經濟、社會等角度,共同發想如何善用於都更前後衍生出的暫時性空置房舍與土地。值得一提的是,絕大多數的過渡性都市主義成果皆無公用財源的挹注。

曾梓峰  (德國Darmstadt大學建築學工學博士,現任國立高雄大學創意設計與建築學系教授)於第三場講座「IBA城市實驗室-都市更新戰略操作」帶領與會者探索德國國際建築展(IBA)的都更策略。IBA為一種長期(約十年)於選定區域的都市更新手法。舉例來說,漢堡易北河「跨越易北-都市後院再造」一案,顯示IBA如何進入原先較邊陲的都市地帶,並以其核心價值帶動地方發展。IBA因其非典型及創新的特性,不斷吸引公民的參與以及專業者的思辯,持續帶來可回應當代挑戰的新解方。

侯志仁(美國華盛頓大學地景建築系教授)與施佩吟(原典創思規劃顧問有限公司副執行長)的講題「社區交往與反造再起」專注於講述台灣本地社群的如何利用其創意手法支持地方發展與提升生活品質。這些案例提醒了我們須挖掘已存在於社區中的動能,他們透過自發性的行動可有效並有機的伴隨都市環境變換。在由上至下的政策推行以外,這些行動已成為社會轉變與解放的窗口。

最後一場講座,由于欣可(現職荷蘭台夫特理工大學建築學院都市學博士候選人,並擔任碩士生導師) 講述荷蘭阿姆斯特丹的居住與人本都市更新。住房政策與社會住宅是阿姆斯特丹發展政策的核心策略之一。市區的大型都更策略在不斷修正的過程中成長,戰後建築師以郊區化與田園城市觀念打造的更新區,反倒成為社會問題的溫床。因此,社會住宅成為阿姆斯特丹都市更新重要的核心,同時其他新策略的發想也在這個城市中持續發生。

除了講座外,團隊也在基隆市安樂區舉辦一場全日的工作坊,並由市政府與原典團隊邀請地方居民參與。我們邀請居民對於未來都市更新計畫給予意見與反思,並引導大家到社區內實地查訪、拍照,紀錄下他們認為有趣、珍貴或者須改善的空間環境,一起構想未來社區空間。透過照片分享、相冊製作,參與者不僅可以交換看法與意見,更一起見證並構思了安樂區現在與未來。

原典團隊善於將艱深、生硬的專業主題融合歡快愉悅的環境。各場講座以各國美食促使參與者敞開心房暢聊規劃理念,創造易於交流、開闊輕鬆的討論氣氛。活動設計同時也希望促進非同溫層的各界專業者加入討論,帶著自身專業促進交流。

若是錯過了以上精彩活動也別擔心,活動詳情與講座內容皆詳細記載於《台灣建築》雜誌2021年五月號(第308期);另外,《眼底城事》網路平台於每月刊登相關講座側寫等內容。

本系列座談與工作坊不僅僅是在創造公私部門專業者對話的空間,更在轉譯市民對於特定公共政策的理解至溝通平台中。各場活動皆強調都市中創新與開放的決策過程與策略,藉此開拓專業者的視野與思維。因此,上述的側寫內容可作為未來基隆及台灣公共政策與都市治理的重要參考依據。


Last year, Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司) team supported the city of Keelung in organising a series of international lectures on urban planning and renewal strategies. International experts were invited to share their experiences and observations. These meetings were organised to be a source of inspiration and references to provide reflections on public policies for the city of Keelung.

The content of these lectures, aimed at professionals from the public and private sectors, presented a diversity of solutions or alternative responses that can be envisaged to accompany urban development. The city of Keelung, between the sea and the mountains, has launched many ambitious projects. This event also served as a reminder and explanation of the processes and efforts undertaken by Keelung.

The cases presented concerned countries such as France, the Netherlands, Germany and Taiwan. They put the cities of Paris, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Taipei and Keelung into perspective. Organised on the rhythm of a lecture every three weeks, these meetings gave the opportunity to professionals from different backgrounds to speak. Each meeting took place in a different strategic location in the city of Keelung. This served to highlight places and approaches supported by the city.

Through two lectures the French urban planners Clément Tricot and Morgane Le Guilloux presented,  “ new urban agenda of the Grand Paris”, “city curation and incubation of new business typologies”, “space management and sustainable life of the base to be developed”. In the first lecture, Paris’ public policies were discussed, including the “15 min city” and the intention to develop an offer to allow all services to be available within 15 minutes by foot or by bicycle from home. Another important development strategy in Paris in recent years has been the redesign of seven major squares for the benefit of pedestrians and cyclists, while involving citizens in the project. On a larger scale, the strategy of the Big Paris is the establishment of circular urbanism and building waste management for the Olympic Games in 2024. The topic of the second lecture was about transnational urbanism projects which are very popular in France. Various groups, associations, governments or companies are imagining new modes of governance, economic and social models to bring vacant buildings back to life for a temporary period. Most of the time, these approaches are without recourse to public finance. 

Tse-Fong Tseng(曾梓峰) discussed IBA, a strategic urban regeneration experiments. The concept of an IBA (which can be translated as an international architecture exhibition) is a long-term project, about ten years long, which aims to develop urban renewal projects in a specific area but in an innovative way. For example, the Hamburg IBA was presented to show the development concepts used and the projects carried out for the requalification of a forgotten territory. The IBAs are atypical and innovative events because of their methodology, which allows the participation of citizens, professional debates to bring new solutions to respond to contemporary challenges. 

Jeff Hou(侯志仁)  and Pei-Yin Shih(施佩吟) spoke about Way to Community and City Commoning. Creative approaches led by local communities were presented to highlight the importance of residents’ participation to support local development and improve quality of life. These examples remind us of the dynamism that can exist locally and the importance of local and spontaneous processes to accompany urban change other than through a top-down approach. 

Cinco Yu(于欣可), has been approached housing and human centered urban regeneration. In Amsterdam, housing and social housing have been placed at the heart of development solutions and strategies. Amsterdam’s urban renewal strategy was presented through several large urban projects such as the urban renewal of the harbour wastelands and dense housing areas that were designed by post-war architects and are now facing social issues.  The lecture therefore presented both the role of social housing in Amsterdam’s urban renewal strategy and the need to find and create new solutions in a constantly changing society. 

To complete the series of lectures, a workshop was also conducted in the Anle district of Keelung. For a whole day, residents of the district were welcomed by the team from Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司) and the Keelung government. Organised in groups, the participants were invited to reflect on the future of their neighbourhood with a view to possible future urban renewal. They were invited to explore the neighbourhood and take pictures of the elements that they found interesting, problematic or valuable. This helped to open up exchanges between them and to create photo albums of memories of the neighbourhood which are witnesses of the current state of the Anle district.

The combination of conviviality and a warm atmosphere with professional, hard-hitting topics is a special feature and strength of the events organised by Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司).During the lectures, each participant was welcomed with gastronomic specialities from the country presented. These various dishes were not only intended to satisfy stomachs but also to create a more pleasant and relaxed atmosphere, more conducive to exchanges. These preparations also tend to invite people who are not necessarily familiar with the topics presented and can also be an incentive to participate in other lectures.

Those who would like to find out more about the content of these meetings but were unable to attend can consult several articles published in the press. TA magazine published in the May 2021 edition (Vol.308) a complete 30 pages report on the content of the readings and exchanges. The media platform Eyes on Place also publishes one article per month which also reports on each of the lectures. (Put to the end of the article.)

This series of international meetings was a space for dialogue between professionals from the public and private sectors, but also with citizens, for whom it facilitated the understanding of specific public policies. The event highlighted creative and open governance methods for urban renewal projects and strategies. The meetings contributed to broadening the field of vision of many professionals. The content of these readings can serve as a reference in the orientation of future public policies in Keelung or in urban governance in Taiwan.

類型:都市再生議題交流講座

地區:基隆市

時間:2020/5-2020/12

業主:基隆市政府

專案合作:中華民國都市設計學會

媒體合作:眼底城事、TA台灣建築

講座詳情全文收錄:《台灣建築》雜誌2021年五月號(第308期)

各場次講座媒體協力轉載:《眼底城事》