Keelung a city in full swing
首二場由法國籍都市規劃師Clément Tricot 與Morgane Le Guilloux帶來大巴黎都市新議程中城市策展與新業種的孵化成果，以及待開發基地的空間經營與永續生活。在第一場演講中，專業者齊聚探討巴黎公共政策與推動策略，包含「十五分鐘城市」與其提高都市服務步行與自行車可及性的政策目標。巴黎市近期重要的發展策略包括以人本與自行車角度出發，引入市民參與方法，進行七大地標廣場的再設計。若以更上層尺度出發，大巴黎計畫中循環都市主義與其建物廢棄物處理模式已成為2024巴黎奧運的穩固基礎。
Last year, Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司) team supported the city of Keelung in organising a series of international lectures on urban planning and renewal strategies. International experts were invited to share their experiences and observations. These meetings were organised to be a source of inspiration and references to provide reflections on public policies for the city of Keelung.
The content of these lectures, aimed at professionals from the public and private sectors, presented a diversity of solutions or alternative responses that can be envisaged to accompany urban development. The city of Keelung, between the sea and the mountains, has launched many ambitious projects. This event also served as a reminder and explanation of the processes and efforts undertaken by Keelung.
The cases presented concerned countries such as France, the Netherlands, Germany and Taiwan. They put the cities of Paris, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Taipei and Keelung into perspective. Organised on the rhythm of a lecture every three weeks, these meetings gave the opportunity to professionals from different backgrounds to speak. Each meeting took place in a different strategic location in the city of Keelung. This served to highlight places and approaches supported by the city.
Through two lectures the French urban planners Clément Tricot and Morgane Le Guilloux presented, “ new urban agenda of the Grand Paris”, “city curation and incubation of new business typologies”, “space management and sustainable life of the base to be developed”. In the first lecture, Paris’ public policies were discussed, including the “15 min city” and the intention to develop an offer to allow all services to be available within 15 minutes by foot or by bicycle from home. Another important development strategy in Paris in recent years has been the redesign of seven major squares for the benefit of pedestrians and cyclists, while involving citizens in the project. On a larger scale, the strategy of the Big Paris is the establishment of circular urbanism and building waste management for the Olympic Games in 2024. The topic of the second lecture was about transnational urbanism projects which are very popular in France. Various groups, associations, governments or companies are imagining new modes of governance, economic and social models to bring vacant buildings back to life for a temporary period. Most of the time, these approaches are without recourse to public finance.
Tse-Fong Tseng(曾梓峰) discussed IBA, a strategic urban regeneration experiments. The concept of an IBA (which can be translated as an international architecture exhibition) is a long-term project, about ten years long, which aims to develop urban renewal projects in a specific area but in an innovative way. For example, the Hamburg IBA was presented to show the development concepts used and the projects carried out for the requalification of a forgotten territory. The IBAs are atypical and innovative events because of their methodology, which allows the participation of citizens, professional debates to bring new solutions to respond to contemporary challenges.
Jeff Hou(侯志仁) and Pei-Yin Shih（施佩吟） spoke about Way to Community and City Commoning. Creative approaches led by local communities were presented to highlight the importance of residents’ participation to support local development and improve quality of life. These examples remind us of the dynamism that can exist locally and the importance of local and spontaneous processes to accompany urban change other than through a top-down approach.
Cinco Yu（于欣可）, has been approached housing and human centered urban regeneration. In Amsterdam, housing and social housing have been placed at the heart of development solutions and strategies. Amsterdam’s urban renewal strategy was presented through several large urban projects such as the urban renewal of the harbour wastelands and dense housing areas that were designed by post-war architects and are now facing social issues. The lecture therefore presented both the role of social housing in Amsterdam’s urban renewal strategy and the need to find and create new solutions in a constantly changing society.
To complete the series of lectures, a workshop was also conducted in the Anle district of Keelung. For a whole day, residents of the district were welcomed by the team from Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司) and the Keelung government. Organised in groups, the participants were invited to reflect on the future of their neighbourhood with a view to possible future urban renewal. They were invited to explore the neighbourhood and take pictures of the elements that they found interesting, problematic or valuable. This helped to open up exchanges between them and to create photo albums of memories of the neighbourhood which are witnesses of the current state of the Anle district.
The combination of conviviality and a warm atmosphere with professional, hard-hitting topics is a special feature and strength of the events organised by Collaborative O. ( 原典創思規劃顧問有限公司).During the lectures, each participant was welcomed with gastronomic specialities from the country presented. These various dishes were not only intended to satisfy stomachs but also to create a more pleasant and relaxed atmosphere, more conducive to exchanges. These preparations also tend to invite people who are not necessarily familiar with the topics presented and can also be an incentive to participate in other lectures.
Those who would like to find out more about the content of these meetings but were unable to attend can consult several articles published in the press. TA magazine published in the May 2021 edition (Vol.308) a complete 30 pages report on the content of the readings and exchanges. The media platform Eyes on Place also publishes one article per month which also reports on each of the lectures. (Put to the end of the article.)
This series of international meetings was a space for dialogue between professionals from the public and private sectors, but also with citizens, for whom it facilitated the understanding of specific public policies. The event highlighted creative and open governance methods for urban renewal projects and strategies. The meetings contributed to broadening the field of vision of many professionals. The content of these readings can serve as a reference in the orientation of future public policies in Keelung or in urban governance in Taiwan.